This is the study guide for the unit on Adjectives:
What Are Adjectives?
Ø Words that describe, or tell about, nouns are called adjectives.
Ø Adjectives make sentences more interesting.
Ø They give details that make meaning clearer.
Ø You have learned that adjectives can tell what kind. Adjectives such as one, ten, many and several tell how many.
Ø An adjective that tells how many comes before the noun it describes.
Using a, an, and the
Ø Use a and an with singular nouns.
Ø Use a before words that begin with a consonant sound.
Ø Use an before words that begin with vowel sound.
o Jess stands in a long line.
o Our plane leaves in an hour.
Ø Use the before both singular and plural nouns.
o I wait at the gate.
Comparing with Adjectives
Ø Adjectives describe nouns (people, places or things).
Ø Add –er to most adjectives to compare two persons, places or things.
o Mars is a smaller planet than Jupiter.
Ø Add –est to most adjectives to compare more than two persons, places or things.
o Pluto is the smallest planet of all.
What Are Adverbs?
- You have learned that adjectives describe nouns.
- Words that describe verbs are called adverbs.
- Adverbs can come before or after the verbs they describe.
- Kim walked up to the horse bravely. (walked how?)
- She carefully sat on the horse. (sat how?)
- The horse stood quietly. (stood how?)
- Suddenly it galloped. (galloped how?)
Other Kinds of Adverbs
- Adverbs tell how an action happens.
- They can also tell when and where an action happens.
Adverbs that tell When
Adverbs that tell Where
Using to, two, and too
- The words to, two and too sound exactly alike, but they are spelled differently and have different meanings.
- The clues in a sentence can help you decided which word to use.
In the direction of
I went to school.
A number 2
I ate two plums.
More than enough
I ate pears too.
I ate too much.