Adjectives and Adverbs

 

Adjectives

This is the study guide for the unit on Adjectives:

What Are Adjectives?
Ø Words that describe, or tell about, nouns are called adjectives.
Ø Adjectives make sentences more interesting.
Ø They give details that make meaning clearer.
 
More Adjectives
Ø You have learned that adjectives can tell what kind. Adjectives such as one, ten, many and several tell how many.
Ø An adjective that tells how many comes before the noun it describes.
 
Using a, an, and the
Ø Use a and an with singular nouns. 
Ø Use a before words that begin with a consonant sound.
Ø Use an before words that begin with vowel sound.
o   Jess stands in a long line.
o   Our plane leaves in an hour.
Ø Use the before both singular and plural nouns.
o   I wait at the gate.
 
Comparing with Adjectives
Ø Adjectives describe nouns (people, places or things).
Ø Add –er to most adjectives to compare two persons, places or things.
o   Mars is a smaller planet than Jupiter.
Ø Add –est to most adjectives to compare more than two persons, places or things.
o   Pluto is the smallest planet of all.
 
What Are Adverbs?
  • You have learned that adjectives describe nouns.
  • Words that describe verbs are called adverbs.
  • Adverbs can come before or after the verbs they describe.
    • Kim walked up to the horse bravely. (walked how?)
    • She carefully sat on the horse. (sat how?)
    • The horse stood quietly. (stood how?)
    • Suddenly it galloped. (galloped how?)
 
Other Kinds of Adverbs
  • Adverbs tell how an action happens.
  • They can also tell when and where an action happens.
Adverbs that tell When
Adverbs that tell Where
always
soon
ahead
here
first
then
around
nearby
later
today
away
 out
next
tomorrow
everywhere
there
often
yesterday
far
upstairs
 
 
Using to, two, and too
  • The words to, two and too sound exactly alike, but they are spelled differently and have different meanings.
  • The clues in a sentence can help you decided which word to use. 
Word
Meaning
Example
To
In the direction of
I went to school.
Two
A number 2
I ate two plums.
Too
Also
More than enough
I ate pears too.
I ate too much.
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