Special Services

Special Education

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) provides for a free appropriate public education for all individuals with disabilities between the ages of 3 and 21 in the least restrictive environment. We are committed to providing children with disabilities the best conditions for learning, while keeping in compliance with federal and state regulations. Our department fosters alignment with Ohio’s Operating Standards, Content Standards and Performance Standards for Ohio’s Schools.

The Special Education programs in Manchester ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free and appropriate public education that emphasizes specially-designed instruction to meet their unique needs. We offer a continuum of for students who have been determined eligible for specially designed instruction.

What is Special Education

Special education services are based on federal law, and the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA).  IDEA protects students with disabilities who are eligible for services, providing them an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) designed to meet their unique needs.  IDEA provides safeguards to ensure that students receive a comprehensive school-based evaluation before determining if a student is eligible for special education.  I


Medical or mental health diagnosis does not guarantee an educational evaluation or special education services.

  • Failure, low grades, lack of performance or behavioral concerns do not automatically indicate a suspected disability. Many factors contribute to a student’s performance.
  • Your student’s educational team reviews all available information to determine if additional steps are needed in the school setting.

When is a School Based Evaluation Warranted?

In order for school districts to suspect a disability, a child’s educational functioning and performance must be adversely impacted. 

  • A medical diagnosis does not automatically make a child eligible for special education services, nor does it automatically warrant an evaluation  for special education services, nor does it automatically warrant an evaluation for special education services. 
  • ODE requires that all students receive documented interventions  for academic or behavioral needs through a Response to Intervention (RtI) process.  Data generated from interventions are considered by the team to determine if an educational disability is suspected.
  • When an educational disability is suspected, the parent / legal guardian is the only person who is able to give written consent to begin an evaluation.

A School Team May Suspect an Educational Disability when:

  • A student is not progressing with social emotional or behavioral supports / intervention.
  • A student’s health is adversely impacting their educational performance.
  • A student is not making academic progress despite being provided intensive research based interventions.

Continuum of Services

General Education Classes with Intervention Specialist Support, Inclusion Co-Teaching or Consult
Collaboration/consultation/inclusion co-teaching services focus on the general education teacher and intervention specialist working together to best meet the needs of students with disabilities. Students receive all instruction in the general education classroom. This setting also allows for individual or small group instruction within the classroom but also for short periods of time to be pulled out for more intensive instruction and intervention. All programming is individualized to meet student needs.

 Pull-Out Rooms

The Resource Room is a small group instructional setting that serves students with disabilities that require more intensive programming and supports. This setting offers a modified curriculum, following Ohio's Learning Standards Extended, which provides personalized options for students that are not offered in the general education classroom. Students are also included in the general education classroom as much as possible.

Separate Facility
Separate Facilities are offered for Manchester students and are outside of the district. These are designed specifically for students with disabilities and are a more intensive, smaller group setting. Placement at a separate facility is an IEP team decision.

Home Instruction
This is a highly individualized education program provided at home to a child with a disability which prevents the child from attending a regular or special program even with special education supports.

Related Services
Manchester Schools offers a wide variety of Related Services to qualifying students. These may include the following:

  • Aide Services
  • Behavior Consultant Services (through the ESC)
  • Audiology Services (through the ESC)
  • Vision Specialist (through the ESC)
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Orientation and Mobility (through the ESC)
  • Physical Therapy
  • School Psychological Services
  • Speech and Language Therapy
  • Transpiration
  • Work Study/Transition Services (through the ESC)

Child Find
Child Find is the process of identifying, locating and evaluating all children from age three to twenty-one who may have a disability and be in need of special education and related services, regardless of the severity of the disability. The district seeks to identify all children in the Manchester School District who attend a public or non-public school in the district or who are homeless or wards of the state who may be in need of special education and related services.

A child with a disability is a child having a cognitive disability, hearing impairment, visual impairment, speech or language impairment, serious emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairment, specific learning disability, deaf-blindness, or multiple disabilities.

Parents, relatives, and concerned citizens are asked to assist the Manchester School District find any child who may have a disability and need special education and related services. If you are aware of a child who may have special needs, please notify the Secretary of Student Services at (330) 882-4133 or the Superintendent’s Assistant at (330) 882-6926 for Manchester Schools.

IDEA INPUT Manchester Local Schools has received a grant  in regard to IDEA of the Education of the Handicapped Act. The district intends to provide direct services to students through programming both in classroom units and tutoring for special need students. Any person may call 330-882-6926 during the school day to ask questions pertaining to services for all students under IDEA.


Section 504/ADA Prohibition Against Discrimination Based On Disability

Pursuant to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 ("Section 504"), the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended ("ADA"), and the implementing regulations (collectively "Section 504/ADA"), no otherwise qualified individual with a disability shall, solely by reason of his/her disability, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. The Board of Education does not discriminate in admission or access to, or participation or treatment in its programs or activities. As such, the Board's policies and practices will not discriminate against students with disabilities and will make accessible to qualified individuals with disabilities its facilities, programs, and activities. No discrimination will be knowingly permitted against any individual with a disability on the sole basis of that disability in any of the programs, activities, policies, and/or practices in the District.

The Board designates the following individual(s) to serve as the District's 504 Compliance Officer(s)/ADA Coordinator(s) (hereinafter referred to as the "District Compliance Officer(s)".  The Superintendent and/or Director of Curriculum are acting District Compliance Officers.


John Doe, et al., : Case No.: 2:91-cv-00464
Plaintiffs, : Judge: Michael H. Watson
v. : Magistrate Judge: Chelsey M. Vascura
State of Ohio, et al., :
Defendants. :
This Notice is to tell you of a recommended Class Action Settlement Agreement (“Settlement Agreement”) in the class action lawsuit, Doe, et al., v. State of Ohio, et al., Case No. 2:91-cv-00464. The Court has preliminarily approved the Settlement Agreement and scheduled a hearing for February 11, 2020. At the hearing, the Court will decide whether the Settlement Agreement is fair, reasonable, and in your best interests and whether the Settlement Agreement should have final approval. You have the right to know about this settlement and the right to comment on the proposed Settlement Agreement and to attend the hearing.
Students with disabilities in Ohio’s public schools, including those who have or could have an individualized education program (IEP) or a Section 504 plan and their parents are covered by this settlement. Below is more detail about who is covered by this lawsuit.
You are a member of the class and this Notice applies to you if you are between the ages of three (3) and twenty-one (21), currently enrolled or seeking enrollment, now or in the future, in Ohio’s public school system, and you:
• have a disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1400 et seq. (“IDEA”), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. §§ 790 et seq., or the Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101 et seq., and
• require, as a result of the disability, special education and related services or accommodations that are designed to meet the individual needs of children with disabilities as adequately as the needs of nondisabled children are met, and
• the parents or guardians of all such children.
A. Who is involved in the lawsuit?
Doe v. State of Ohio is a class action lawsuit. A class action is a type of lawsuit in court involving a large group or class of people. Without having every member of the class join the action, a few individuals initiate a court case becoming representatives of the group. This group of people is called the class and each individual person is called a class member. A few class members are selected to represent the entire class. Those people are called representative plaintiffs. The entity that is sued is called the defendant.
Doe v. State of Ohio was filed in federal court in 1993 as part of another lawsuit about funding and providing education in the State of Ohio. Disability Rights Ohio (formerly Ohio Legal Rights Service) became involved in the lawsuit on behalf of students with disabilities, who needed special education and related services from Ohio’s public schools, and their parents or guardians. The lawsuit was filed as a class action because there are over 250,000 school age students, and over 20,000 pre-school students, across the State of Ohio who have disabilities and receive special education services. All of these students are affected by how the State of Ohio provides resources for special education to public schools. These people are the plaintiffs or
class members. The attorneys for the plaintiffs are Disability Rights Ohio, the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, and Steptoe & Johnson LLP.
The plaintiffs filed the lawsuit against the State of Ohio, which includes those offices responsible for special education in Ohio’s public schools. These offices are the defendants. The defendants are the Governor of Ohio, and the following state agencies, offices, and officials: the State Board of Education of Ohio, the Ohio Department of Education (“ODE”), and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Their attorneys are Isaac, Wiles, Burkholder & Teetor, LLC.
B. What is the lawsuit about?
The goal of Doe v. State of Ohio is to make sure that all Ohio public schools, particularly 11 of Ohio’s school districts, 8 of which are large urban districts (“11 Districts”)1, have enough resources to give students with disabilities appropriate special education and related services and support in the least restrictive environment.
After careful consideration, and detailed negotiations, the plaintiffs and defendants have decided to settle this case instead of going to a trial. The plaintiffs and defendants have written a document describing their agreement called the Settlement Agreement. The goal of the Settlement Agreement is to improve the overall quality of special education and related services given to students with disabilities across the State, and, in particular, in the 11 Districts, and to improve results for students with disabilities. It includes additional support by ODE so that school districts, particularly the 11 Districts, meet the requirements of federal law. After the
1 The 11 Districts are: Canton City, Cleveland Metropolitan, Columbus City, Cincinnati Public, Toledo Public, Dayton Public, Akron Public, Youngstown City, Lima City, Zanesville City, and East Cleveland City School Districts.
Settlement Agreement is approved by the Court, it will last for five years. A summary of the Settlement Agreement follows.
A. Development of Plan
After the Settlement Agreement is approved by the Court, ODE has one year to develop a plan (the “Plan”) to redesign and improve its support system to local school districts for special education, with a focus on the 11 Districts.
B. Contents of Plan
The Plan will be created to increase the achievement and outcomes of students with disabilities as well as increasing least restrictive environment (“LRE”) rates in all school districts, in particular the 11 Districts. Achievement means how well students with disabilities perform in school and how prepared they are for life after school. LRE means that students with disabilities will be in classrooms with students without disabilities as much as possible.
The Plan will include a focus on improving language and literacy, including early literacy, for students with disabilities. This means helping students with disabilities learn to read and learn information from what they are reading. The Plan will also focus on improving supports to students with disabilities who are getting ready to graduate from high school so that they are prepared for life after school. It will also focus on helping parents understand that students can continue receiving special education until they reach age 22 or have met graduation requirements. The Plan will include more training for school district staff so that students with disabilities receive necessary supports and services and to improve achievement and LRE.
The Plan also emphasizes the use of assistive technology and universal design for learning (“UDL”). Assistive technology is equipment that students with disabilities may need to participate in school activities. UDL is a way of teaching that uses different methods to teach the same material so as many students as possible understand what is being taught. The Plan
requires ODE to help school districts develop multi-tiered systems of support (“MTSS”). MTSS are used for all students and give different levels of positive behavior support to the students depending on what an individual student needs.
Finally, the Plan requires ODE to help the 11 Districts develop their own improvement plans. ODE is also required to have and enforce a policy for sanctions against school districts if they fail to meet their improvement plans. The Plan can be reviewed to make sure it is working and can be changed if it is not.
C. Advisory Group
An Advisory Group will be formed to assist ODE form the Plan. The Advisory Group will include two representatives chosen by the plaintiffs, one representative chosen by ODE, the Director of the Office for Exceptional Children (“OEC”), the Associate Director of OEC, the Director of the Urban Support Team, and up to two additional members mutually agreed upon by the parties. The Office for Exceptional Children is the part of the Ohio Department of Education that is responsible for making sure Ohio’s schools are appropriately educating children with disabilities. The Urban Support Team within OEC focuses on helping the largest school districts in Ohio serve students with disabilities well. The Advisory Group will help ODE develop the Plan. The Advisory Group will review how the Plan is working and tell ODE whether the Advisory Group thinks the Plan is working or not and suggest how to change it if it is not working.
D. Updates by ODE
ODE will update the Advisory Group every 3 months about the Plan and how it is working.
E. Local District Compliance
ODE will use its authority to ensure that the 11 Districts’ improvement plans are working.
F. Dispute Resolution
The Settlement Agreement has a process for working out disputes that may come up during the time the Settlement Agreement is in place. The plaintiffs and defendants will first try to work together to solve any disagreements. If they cannot work out their issues, they can ask for the help of another person called a mediator. The mediator will try to help the parties come to an agreement. If the parties still cannot agree, they can ask the Court for help.
G. Fees
Defendants have agreed to pay $3 million to Plaintiffs’ attorneys as compensation for their time and costs. Plaintiffs spent 11,614.85 hours of attorney time and 4,305.6 hours for paralegals including skilled educational advocates over a nine year period working on the class’s claims. In addition, Plaintiffs had $612,021.18 in out of pocket costs such as payment for expert evaluations. Plaintiffs have agreed not to seek additional fees and costs for their work on the Advisory Group. Plaintiffs will file a separate document (called a motion) with the Court asking for approval of this money. The motion tells the Court why the amount agreed to is appropriate given the time spent by the attorneys and paralegals on this case. This motion will be due to the Court within 20 days from the date of the Court’s preliminary approval order; and, a copy of the proposed motion will be available on Disability Rights Ohio’s website.
This Notice is only a summary of the main points of the proposed Settlement Agreement and Plaintiffs’ motion for fees. If you want a copy of the entire Settlement Agreement or motion for fees, you can call Disability Rights Ohio (DRO) at (614) 466-7264 or (800) 282-9181 or visit
DRO’s website at http://www.disabilityrightsohio.org. You can also obtain a copy of the Settlement Agreement by visiting ODE’s website at www.ode.ohio.gov.
The Court has preliminarily approved the proposed Settlement Agreement, including the payment of attorneys’ fees to Plaintiffs’ counsel, but it must still give final approval. As a class member, you can tell the parties and the Court if you support the Settlement Agreement or not. A Final Fairness Hearing will be held on February 11, 2020 at 10:00 am, before the Honorable Judge Michael H. Watson of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, Eastern Division, in Columbus, Ohio. At this hearing, the Judge will consider whether the Settlement Agreement, including the payment of attorneys’ fees to Plaintiffs’ counsel, is a fair and reasonable way to solve this lawsuit. You are welcome to attend this hearing. The Court will set aside time from 10:15 am to 11:15 am to hear from the individuals who stated they intended to appear at the Final Fairness Hearing.
If you wish to submit comments to the Settlement Agreement or appear at the Final Fairness Hearing, you must:
• Write a letter that includes:
 your full name, current address, current telephone number;
 the case name and number (Doe, et al., v. State of Ohio, et al., Case No. 2:91-cv-00464);
 whether you believe that you are a member of the Class and why;
 a description of why you agree or disagree with the Settlement Agreement;
 a statement of whether the comment is made only your behalf or if it is made on behalf of others,
 a statement of whether you intend to appear at the Court’s Final Fairness Hearing. If you intend to have an attorney represent you at the Final Fairness Hearing, you must state the identity of that attorney in your letter; and
 Your signature and the date.
• Mail your letter to counsel for plaintiffs:
Disability Rights Ohio
200 Civic Center Drive, Suite 300
Columbus, OH 43215
• Disability Rights Ohio must receive your letter by January 14, 2020.
You may send your comments in a different format (such as audio, video or by email) if you need to because of your disability. If you have questions about this, you can contact Disability Rights Ohio at (614) 466-7264 or (800) 282-9181. You should not call the Judge about this case. The plaintiffs will file all timely and properly-submitted comments with the Court.
The letter you send may be publicly available, so you should not include other personal information in it, like your Social Security number, your date of birth, or medical information.
Additional information about this lawsuit is available on DRO’s website at http://www.disabilityrightsohio.org. If you have any questions about this Notice or the proposed Settlement Agreement, you can contact Disability Rights Ohio at (614) 466-7264 or (800) 282-9181.

Manchester Local School District
6075 Manchester Rd.
New Franklin, OH 44319
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