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 Principles of Democracy - Theme: How the American people govern themselves at national, state and local levels of government is the basis for this course.

Topic: Civic Involvement

Students can engage societal problems and participate in opportunities to contribute to the common good through governmental and nongovernmental channels.

Content Statements:

1.      Opportunities for civic engagement with the structures of government are made possible through political and public policy processes

.2.      Political parties, interest groups and the media provide opportunities for civic involvement through various means.

Topic: Civic Participation and Skills

Democratic government is enhanced when individuals exercise the skills to effectively participate in civic affairs.

Content Statements:

3.      Issues can be analyzed through the critical use of information from public records, surveys, research data and policy positions of advocacy groups.

4.      The processes of persuasion, compromise, consensus building and negotiation contribute to the resolution of conflicts and differences.

Topic: Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution

Principles related to representative democracy are reflected in the articles and amendments of the U.S. Constitution and provide structure for the government of the United States.

Content Statements:

5.      As the supreme law of the land, the U.S. Constitution incorporates basic principles which help define the government of the United States as a federal republic including its structure, powers and relationship with the governed.

6.      The Federalist Papers and the Anti-Federalist Papers framed the national debate over the basic principles of government encompassed by the Constitution of the United States.

7.      Constitutional government in the United States has changed over time as a result of amendments to the U.S. Constitution, Supreme Court decisions, legislation and informal practices.

8.      The Bill of Rights was drafted in response to the national debate over the ratification of the Constitution of the United States.

9.     The Reconstruction Era prompted Amendments 13 through 15 to address the aftermath of slavery and the Civil War.

10.     Amendments 16 through 19 responded to calls for reform during the Progressive Era.

11.      Four amendments have provided for extensions of suffrage to disenfranchised groups.

12.     Five amendments have altered provisions for presidential election, terms, and succession to address changing historical circumstances.

13.     Amendments 11, 21 and 27 have addressed unique historical circumstances.

Topic: Structure and Functions of the Federal Government

Three branches compose the basic structure of the federal government. Public policy is created through the making of laws, the execution of the laws and the adjudication of disputes under the laws.

Content Statements:

14.      Law and public policy are created and implemented by three branches of government; each functions with its own set of powers and responsibilities.

15.      The political process creates a dynamic interaction among the three branches of government in addressing current issues.

Topic: Role of the People

The government of the United States protects the freedoms of its people and provides opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process.

Content Statements:

16.      In the United States, people have rights which protect them from undue governmental interference. Rights carry responsibilities which help define how people use their rights and which require respect for the rights of others.

17.      Historically, the United States has struggled with majority rule and the extension of minority rights. As a result of this struggle, the government has increasingly extended civil rights to marginalized groups and broadened opportunities for participation.

Topic: Ohio’s State and Local Governments

The State of Ohio acts within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and extends powers and functions to local governments.

Content Statements:

18.      The Ohio Constitution was drafted in 1851 to address difficulties in governing the state of Ohio.

19.      As a framework for the state, the Ohio Constitution complements the federal structure of government in the United States.

20.     Individuals in Ohio have a responsibility to assist state and local governments as they address relevant and often controversial problems that directly affect their communities.

Topic: Public Policy

Federal, state and local governments address problems and issues by making decisions, creating laws, enforcing regulations and taking action.

Content Statements:

21.      A variety of entities within the three branches of government, at all levels, address public policy issues which arise in domestic and international affairs.

22.     Individuals and organizations play a role within federal, state and local governments in helping to determine public (domestic and foreign) policy.

Topic: Government and the Economy

The actions of government play a major role in the flow of economic activity. Governments consume and produce goods and services. Fiscal and monetary policies, as well as economic regulations, provide the means for government intervention in the economy.

Content Statements:

23.      The federal government uses spending and tax policy to maintain economic stability and foster economic growth. Regulatory actions carry economic costs and benefits.

24.     The Federal Reserve System uses monetary tools to regulate the nation’s money supply and moderate the effects of expansion and contraction in the economy.

View Events/Assignments for 
  • September 11 Lesson

    9/11 and ISIS

    Watch a few video clips on the day of 9/11.  Watch President Bush video clip speaking to America about the Resolve of America.  Read Proclamation from White House on Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance Day.

    Explain the importance of knowing about ISIS or ISIL.  Show a few video clips explaining the militant group and then show 5 minutes of President Obama's speech to the nation from the night before.

  • September 12 Lesson

    Difference between printed and engrossed copies of Declaration of Independence and Equality in DI.

    Use PP Ch 2

    Examine handout of both documents and discuss the differences between each by using  Created Equal supplemental pamphlet.

    Examine the second paragraph of DI and discuss "Equality and its History and Evolution"


  • September 8 Lesson

    When to call it quits in a relationship? Analyze the influences in the writing of the Declaration of Independence.  Read along as the DI is read and highlight key items then look at parts of 4 earlier historical documents and compare and contrast the interpretations.  Collect Article about Teen Driving from USA Today with comments by you.

  • September 10 Lesson

    Civic Ed Quiz - Reading Comprehension activity and informing and engaging with what is going on in the news and how it relates to what is being learned in class. Collect Teen Driving Article.  

  • September 9 Lesson

    Continue with the 4 documents that influenced Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration of Independence.  Vocabulary from DI to be completed and will help in understanding document. Digital History of grievances in DI and to identify if they are economic interests, infringement on self-rule government and individual right issues.  Collect on Friday.

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